Threats to the Okavango Delta

The future of the Okavango Delta depends on her people.

Because the Okavango River rises in the Angolan highlands and flows over 1,000 miles, passing through Namibia before entering Botswana and forming the Okavango Delta there exist a number of threats to the Okavango Delta’s existence.

As Angola develops through strong oil revenue and the threat of violence in that country diminishes there will be more pressure on the water that makes up the Okavango Delta at source as human populations increase and increased agricultural development places pressure on the resource.

Namibia through which the Okavango River flows as the Kavango River is also considering extracting water upstream of the Delta to use for power generation, agriculture and to supply their capital Windhoek.

In 1994 the three basin states form the Permanent Okavango River Basin Commission (OKACOM), to of promote sustainable management of the river basin through the development and implementation of a comprehensive basin–wide management plan.

Within Botswana the threat comes from human habitation near the Delta and the effect this has on the animal numbers that sustain the ecosystem.

International Recognition
International Recognition

Supporting wildlife in large numbers the Okavango Delta is one of the most important wildlife areas in southern Africa. The Delta is a key breeding site for many species of bird and provides sustenance for herds of plains game during the dry winter periods.

The Okavango Delta is a Ramsar site as well as being a World Heritage Site, having been submitted by the Department of National Museum and Monuments in 2010.

International Recognition