The Okavango Delta is a unique pulsing wetland. More correctly an alluvial fan, the delta covers between 6 and 15 000 square kilometres of Kalahari Desert in northern Botswana and owes its existence to the Okavango (Kavango) River which flows from the Angolan highlands, across Namibia’s Caprivi Strip and into the harsh Kalahari Desert.
Each year the Okavango River discharges approximately 11 cubic kilometres (1.1 × 10¹³ litres) of water into the Okavango Delta. Most of this water is lost to transpiration by plants (60%) and by evaporation (36%) with only 2% percolating into the aquifer system with the remainder finally flowing into Lake Ngami.
The Okavango Delta is affected by seasonal flooding with flood water from Angola reaching the Delta between March and June, peaking in July. This peak coincides with Botswana’s dry season resulting in great migrations of plains game from the dry hinterland.
Generally flat, with a height variation of less than two meters across its area, dry land in the Okavango Delta is predominantly comprised of numerous small islands, formed when vegetation takes root on termite mounds, however larger islands exist with Chief’s Island, the largest, having been formed on a tectonic fault line.
The 1000th site to be inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 2014, the Okavango Delta is an important wildlife area protected by both the Moremi Game Reserve, on its eastern edge, and the numerous wildlife concessions within Ngamiland.
An oasis in an otherwise dry environment the Okavango Delta is known for its superb wildlife, with large populations of mammals and excellent birding particularly in the breeding season.
Very much at the centre of Botswana’s safari industry, the Okavango Delta features some of Africa’s premier camps and lodges including Mombo, operated by Wilderness Safaris and Kanana, operated by Ker & Downey Botswana.
How wildlife shapes Botswana’s natural wonderlandSeptember 1, 2015
Eagle Island Lodge to Reopen 1 November 2015August 19, 2015
Desert and Delta Safaris Press Release – Total Rebuild of Camp OkavangoJune 26, 2015
National Geographic Expedition explores the Okavango DeltaMay 31, 2015
As an important safari destination within not only Botswana but also Africa as a whole, the Okavango Delta hosts a number of safari operators. These operators range from well known international brands to local operators and offer the full range of holiday services. Whether you are interested in a simple camping trip or a full five star safari an operator exists to service your needs.
Okavango Delta Accommodation
Moremi Game Reserve
Peeking out from under a lush green woodland canopy, Camp Moremi, in the Xakanaxa area of Moremi Game Reserve, is a truly hidden gem.
Moremi Game Reserve
Mombo Camp is a luxurious tented camp which overlooks floodplains that teem with wildlife.
Duba Plains Concession
Duba Plains is known for the titanic clashes between buffalo and lion.
Formation of the Okavango Delta
A great river that flows not into the sea but into the middle of the southern African continental landmass, the Okavango Delta is more correctly termed an alluvial fan comprising areas that are permanently flooded, seasonally flooded and occasionally flood.